Child or other dependent Sponsorship
Child or Other Dependent Sponsorship
Under this program, Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their dependent and adopted children to join them in Canada. The Canadian government has a strong commitment to keeping families together whenever possible. Due to this, processing Family Class applications is a high priority at Canadian Visa Offices. To be eligible for this program, both the Canadian citizen or permanent resident (the sponsor) and their child abroad (the sponsored person) must be approved by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for the sponsored person to receive a visa.
To qualify for sponsorship, children must fit the criteria of a dependent child. Whether they are the biological or adopted child of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, a child is recognized as a dependent if they are not married or in a common-law relationship and are under the age of 22.
Exception: Children who are over the age of 22 years can be considered “over-age” dependants if they have relied on their parents for financial support since before reaching the age limit and are unable to financially support themselves due to a mental or physical condition.
Requirements to sponsor a dependent child
To sponsor a child for adoption from another country, the sponsor must:
In some case sponsor may not be eligible due to below reasons
If the sponsor(s):
Please note that these factors can affect the eligibility to sponsor.
Requirements for getting permanent resident status
To be eligible for permanent resident status for your adopted child, you must fall under one of the following categories:
These conditions determine the eligibility for permanent resident status for adopted children.
Minimum Necessary Income (MNI) requirements
Canadian citizens or permanent residents sponsoring their dependent children are exempt from meeting the Minimum Necessary Income (MNI) requirement, provided that the dependent child does not have any children of their own. However, if the dependent child being sponsored has their own dependent children, the sponsor must meet the MNI required for their family unit size.
Requirements for Inter-Country adoption
Most inter-country adoptions typically occur in the child’s home country, and each country has distinct laws and procedures governing adoptions by foreigners. While some countries allow adoptions outside the child’s home country, others only permit adoption within the country. It’s important to note that not all countries permit adoptions. If you are adopting a child who is related to you, different rules may apply from the provinces and/or the country of origin. The immigration process recognizes two types of adoptions for children under 18, and depending on the laws of the child’s home country, the inter-country adoption must be completed either inside or outside of Canada. For Canadian immigration purposes, all inter-country adoptions must:
Children adopted outside Canada can be sponsored to come to Canada if:
So what is Hague Convention?
The Hague Convention serves to safeguard children and their families from the risks associated with illegal, irregular, premature, or ill-prepared adoptions abroad. The Hague Convention is established to safeguard and to ensure that all inter-country adoptions prioritize the best interests of the child and respect their human rights. It is a cooperative system among countries to guarantee the adherence to these safeguards and prevent the abduction, sale, or trafficking of children.
For Hague adoptions, both countries’ authorities must agree to proceed with the adoption. Requirements for non-Hague adoptions may vary between countries. The Hague Convention prohibits private adoptions in the child’s home country, with adoptions being handled by provinces and territories. They adhere to laws implementing the Hague Convention and can provide guidance on rules for adoptions from countries not party to the Convention.
Adopted children must undergo a medical examination before receiving a permanent resident visa. Your province, territory, or a licensed adoption agency will provide details on when and how this examination will take place. Additionally, you must sign a statement confirming that you have obtained information regarding any medical conditions the child may have.